Welcome to the ELMM Network

The Asia-Pacific Education, Language Minorities, and Migrants (ELMM) Network, based at the University of Pennsylvania, is a global research network dedicated to the comparative study of educational provision, opportunities, and inequalities for language minority and migrant youth in the Asia-Pacific region.

Research Themes

Language Acquisition

ELMM scholars are interested on English language acquisition, national language acquisition, and mother tongue/minority language maintenance.  ELMM researchers are interested in these topics as...

Ethnic Stratification

Work on ethnic stratification seeks to illuminate the evolving definitions of ethnicity in the region, and the evolving educational opportunities and inequalities tied to membership in different...

Education and Migration

Work on the education of migrant children seeks to illuminate their experiences of incorporation into receiving community schools, as well as to document the educational provision in migrant-serving...
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